Dating greek phoenician coins
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Some interesting panels are carved in the sides of the stone pillars that support the elongated porch (Dig-ge) of the Waraka Wihera, the oldest cave temple, according to tradition at the Ridi Wihara the Silver Monastery in the Kurunegala district.
One which l sketched has a cross-hilt in the form of a crescent with the points turned forward ; in another the crescent is reversed (Fig 163).
The earliest representation of one was discovered by me in the excavations at Tissa, engraved on a fragment of pottery which probably dated from pre-Christian times.
The illustration (fig 161) shows that if had a long handle with a substantial – cross-hilt no other guard ; and a broad and slightly curved blade wider at a short distance from the end than near the hilt. Others illustrated on a very small scale in reliefs on a pillar at the Jetavana Dagaba at Anuradhapura (Fig.
165) .’Showers of arrows’ are mentioned; and stones without number hurled from engines flew about on every side (p. In one fight ‘burning javelins bound with chains’ are referred to.
In the account of the Sinhalese invasion of Southern India during this king’s reign only swords and arrows are mentioned. D., it is stated that poisoned arrows were used by the invaders; they were ‘shot quickly from engines’ (p. But the Sinhalese, who were skilful marksmen, broke them in pieces with their sharp broad arrows’- like Rama in his wonderful battles with the Rakshasas.
Some of them carry swords and shields the only type of the former being the straight pointed sword with and without a straight cross hilt, but in either case having no guard( Fig 170).
The Temple itself was founded in pre-Christian and the name Paramuka Abaya lene’ ‘the- cave of the Chief Abhaya,’ in the earliest chracters of the second or third century BC., with the bent ra the cup shaped ma inscribed in another cave there which now contains the principal temple, the Rajata lena Wihara, the Silver Cave Wihara in which a heap of silver is recorded in the Mahavansa as having been found in the time of, Duttha Gamini (161-137 BC) The same inscriptioin repeted in another part of the cave, the second word in it being written Abayi.The blade is contracted sharply up to the point which is extremely short.In no case, so far as I am aware it the small modern curved one-edge a Sabre termed as Katstana (Fig 164) found in any Sinhalese carvings.From the occasional references in the histories, to the weapons of the ancient Sinhalese, it can be gathered that the Sword and the Bow were the ordinary arms of the people, and were often carried by the chiefs and sovereigns, at any rate when they were engaged on warlike expeditions. In Duttha-Gamini’s battle with Elara the Tamil king, the Chiefs on both sides, who fought on foot, had swords and shields, while the two kings, who were on elephants, were armed with javelins( Mah, I, p. In his battle with Elalra’s nephew Bhalluka, the same king, who was on an elephant, is described as guarding his mouth with the handle of his sword when Bhalluka threw a javelin at him.When the Javelin or short throwing-Spear is added the list of primitive weapons mentioned separately by these authorities is nearly exhausted. One of Duttha-Gamini’s chiefs, who was seated behind the king on the elephant, also carried a javelin, but later on it is termed an arrow (Mah., I, p. The chief was Pussadeva, this arrow which killed Bhalluka awho commanded the army was covered with Kahapanas [Mahavansa- According to Arthasastra- he who kills a General is rewarded with 50,000 Kahapanas.] King Watta-Gemini is stated to have been armed with a bow while awaiting an opportunity to regain the throne, at the beginning of the first century BC.A straight sword without across Hilt or guard is represented in the Dambulla Cave temple ; the painting was executed in the middle of the seventeenth century and is supposed by the monks in charge of the temple to reproduce the former work done in the time of Nissanka-Malla (1198-1297 AD).