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The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea.
Kim began seeking Stalin's support for an invasion in March 1949, traveling to Moscow to attempt to persuade him. The Soviets had also cracked the codes used by the U. to communicate with their embassy in Moscow, and reading these dispatches convinced Stalin that Korea did not have the importance to the US that would warrant a nuclear confrontation.
Those who escaped envelopment and capture were forced back north.
UN forces rapidly approached the Yalu River—the border with China—but in October 1950, mass Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war.
As a war undeclared by all participants, the conflict helped bring the term "police action" into common use.
It also led to the permanent alteration of the balance of power within the United Nations, where Resolution 377—passed in 1950 to allow a bypassing of the Security Council if that body could not reach an agreement—led to the General Assembly displacing the Security Council as the primary organ of the UN.) more commonly used in regions such as Hong Kong and Macau. S., the war was initially described by President Harry S.
As a countermeasure and to elevate China's standing among the worldwide Communist movements, the Chinese leadership adopted a foreign policy that actively promoted Communist revolutions throughout territories on China's periphery.
By 1949, South Korean forces had reduced the active number of communist guerrillas in the South from 5,000 to 1,000.
The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners.
However, no peace treaty has been signed, and according to some sources the two Koreas are technically still at war.
The Republic of Korea (South Korea) was established on 15 August 1948.
In the Soviet Korean Zone of Occupation, the Soviet Union established a communist government With the end of the war with Japan, the Chinese Civil War resumed between the Communists and Nationalists.
The surprise Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.